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Edición #4866 |  Ecuador, viernes, 21 de septiembre de 2018 |  Ver Ediciones Anteriores
urgente

ESTE ES EL CABLE QUE MOTIVA LA SALIDA DE LA EMBAJADORA HEATHER HODGES

2011-04-05 14:07:00
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10107

Traducción del cable de la embajada de EE.UU. en Quito, revelada por Wikileaks

Por considerar de alta importancia para la comunidad nacional y, en consideración a la trascendencia del tema, el periódico electrónico Ecuadorinmediato.com entrega a sus lectores la traducción del cable secreto No 572, fechado a 10 de Julio de 2009, firmado por la embajadora Hetaher Hodges, y que motivó la declaratoria de "persona non grata" por parte del Gobierno de Ecuador.

La traducción al español del texto original presentada por Wikileaks es del sitio web del diario El Pais de Madrid-España.

SECRETO DE QUITO 000.572 SIPDIS EO 12958:
 Dec: 7/6/19 TAGS: CVIS, KCOR, KCRM, PGOV, PREL, NU, CE
ASUNTO: Burro Visados ​​- Corrupción revocación 212 (f) Visa: Jaime Aquilino Hurtado Vaca (S / NF )
Clasificado por Heather Hodges Embajador.
 Razón: 1.4 B y D. 1. (U)

1.) Este cable reemplaza Quito 561, que fue cancelado. Por favor ignore el cable anterior.

2. (S / NF) Embajada de Quito en la búsqueda de un dictamen consultivo de seguridad bajo la Sección 212 (f) de la Ley de Inmigración y Nacionalidad, la Proclama Presidencial 7750, se suspende la entrada en los Estados Unidos y la revocación de los visados ​​de los ciudadanos ecuatorianos por  corrupción pública define en la Sección 1, apartados (a) y (c) de la Proclamación (a saber, por malversación de fondos públicos y la interferencia con los procesos públicos de Ecuador).

Esta corrupción tuvo un efecto adverso sobre los intereses nacionales de EE.UU. mencionadas en la Sección 4 de la Proclamación (a saber, la estabilidad de las naciones y las instituciones democráticas, la seguridad de los Estados Unidos contra la delincuencia transnacional y el terrorismo, los objetivos de la ayuda exterior de EE.UU., y las actividades económicas internacionales de empresas de EE.UU.).

 Jaime Aquilino Hurtado Vaca ha utilizado su cargo de Comandante de la Policía Nacional y la influencia personal para extorsionar dinero en efectivo y bienes, apropiarse indebidamente de fondos públicos, facilitar el tráfico de personas, y obstaculizar la investigación y el enjuiciamiento de los colegas de corruptos.

Antecedentes ----------

3. (C) La corrupción entre los agentes de la Policía Nacional del Ecuador está muy extendida y conocida.

Amplía secciones del informe público el pago de sobornos relacionados con operaciones de menor importancia y más significativo.

Ecuador se enfrenta a numerosos desafíos en la lucha contra este problema, ya que muchos ciudadanos prefieren la práctica de pagar sobornos a emprender el desafío de luchar contra la corrupción sin fin y con cifras en rojo y las demoras de la burocracia del Ecuador.

Ecuador cuenta con la supervisión institucional muy débil de sus organismos de aplicación de la ley, y el problema se ha agravado por la aprobación de los votantes en septiembre de 2008 de una nueva constitución. La confusión se deriva de la aplicación de la nueva constitución que ha complicado aún más el ya débil sistema de control.

Debido a estas deficiencias institucionales, la Policía Nacional frente a un riesgo mínimo de exposición o el castigo cuando se involucran en actos de corrupción.

Al igual que con los políticos corruptos y jueces, esta situación es más pronunciada en los niveles superiores del poder.

Resumen de los actos de corrupción

4. (S / NF) Jaime Hurtado fue Comandante General de la Policía Nacional del Ecuador - PNE desde abril de 2008 junio de 2009.

En 2007 y 2008 fue Inspector General de la Policía Nacional del Ecuador, y antes de ello,  sirvió en la Policía de Tránsito.

La Embajada tiene varios informes que indican que él utilizó su posición para obtener sobornos, facilitar el tráfico de seres humanos, apropiarse indebidamente de fondos públicos, obstaculizar las investigaciones y actuaciones judiciales contra  sus colegas corruptos, y participar en otros actos de corrupción para su enriquecimiento personal.

Aunque la información de la Embajada de su actos de corrupción viene de los últimos años, las investigaciones internas de la PEV informes sugieren que Hurtado ha participado en actividades corruptas dentro de laPNE desde inicios los años 90.

Hasta 2008, el rango de Hurtado y el acceso dentro de la PNE lo protegía de cualquier investigación sobre corrupción directa. Sin embargo, las investigaciones de la PNE en los actos de corrupción de sus colegas, por varias ocasiones se presentaron evidencias de actividades ilegales por parte de Hurtado.

Los actos corruptos, en orden cronológico

 5. (S / NF) En 2005, un sindicato de taxis en la ciudad de Cuenca presentó una queja formal basado en la extorsión por parte de Hurtado.

Un estrecho colaborador de Hurtado, Mayor VILLOTA Bolívar, que estaba sirviendo en Cuenca, inmediatamente, fue trasladado a una posición de mando en la Policía de Tránsito en la ciudad de Sangolquí.

Después de numerosas denuncias de corrupción cometidos por Villota en su nuevo cargo, la oficina del Inspector General de la PNE se inició una investigación encubierta de Villota en 2006, que habría confirmado las acusaciones anteriores de corrupción contra Hurtado y Villota.

Los investigadores también descubrieron más tarde que dos cómplices de menor rango de Villota estaban involucrados en un plan de adulteración de  documentación y el retiquetado o remarcación  de los vehículos robados. Hurtado finalmente se enteró de la investigación, y ordenó que el  agente encubierto que sea removido y  transferido.

6. (S / NF) En septiembre de 2007, Villota fue detenido por agentes de la PNE por cargos de corrupción. Funcionarios de la PNE le incautaron más de $ 20,000 en efectivo y una computadora que estaba en su poder y contenía archivos de sus actividades , incluyendo un libro que mostraba que había ganado 157.000 dólares de los esquemas de soborno y extorsión.

También mostró pagos sustanciales a Hurtado como parte de estas actividades, así como 94.000 dólares el valor de los pagos de soborno a funcionarios de otros PEV.

Villota ya había sido programado para ser removido por una causa emprendiada por la Policía de Tránsito a principios de 2007, pero los archivos de computadora mostraron que había pagado un oficial de la PNE $ 30.000 a permanecer en su posición.

El salario de  total Villota desde 2000-2007 fue de menos de $ 30,000, pero los investigadores encontraron que tenía un patrimonio neto de más de $ 450,000, que incluye viviendas de lujo y un nuevo SUV. Algunos de estos bienes se registraron en los nombres de sus padres. Villota y una novia también desarrollaron de una propiedad turística de de Hurtado. Los dos cómplices de menor rango tenían conjuntamente comprar propiedades por valor de $ 200.000.

7. (S / NF) A pesar de que fue acusado de una serie de actos delictivos por la legislación ecuatoriana después de su detención en 2007, Villota no fue sancionado administrativamente o desplazado de la PNE.

 Hurtado se desempeñaba como Inspector General de la PNE durante este período de tiempo y era la autoridad responsable de la firma de los  documentos para remover a Villota  de la fuerza.

A finales de 2007 y principios de 2008, aparecieron  denuncias de otros actos de corrupción contra Hurtado,  apareció en una investigación de la PNE contra otros funcionarios de menor rango. Estos funcionarios fueron acusados ​​de robar de los fondos oficiales de la PNE y tráfico de influencias, y la investigación reveló que Hurtado tenía influencia sobre ellos. investigadores de la PNE también escuchó las acusaciones de que Hurtado había adquirido ilegalmente una propiedad en la provincia de Cotopaxi de Ecuador mediante el envío de oficiales de la PNE que amenazaron  al propietario legal para ceder la propiedad a Hurtado.

8. (S / NF) En abril de 2008, Hurtado fue nombrado Comandante General de la PNE. (Nota: las actividades corruptas Hurtado fueron tan ampliamente conocidas en los rangos superiores de la PNE que algunos funcionarios de la Embajada de EEUU, creen que el presidente Correa debió tener conocimiento de ellos cuando hizo este nombramiento Estos observadores creen que Correa pudo haber querido tener un jefe de la PNE. a quien fácilmente pueda manipular.) final de la nota

A finales de enero de 2009, los dos oficiales de la PNE encargados de migración en Guayaquil, el coronel Milton Raúl Andrade y el Mayor Manuel Fernando Basantes, recibieron cada uno, sobornos relacionados con las actividades de contrabando de extranjeros.

Andrade extorsionaba en promedio $ 2000 por semana, de los funcionarios de la PNE en el aeropuerto de Guayaquil, quienes a su vez recibían sobornos para el paso seguro de los inmigrantes ilegales a través del aeropuerto.

Los otros funcionarios recibieron cada uno un promedio de $ 1000 por semana en sobornos.

El grupo, en general trasladaba desde cinco hasta ocho inmigrantes ilegales chinos por día a través del aeropuerto, y recibió $ 1000 - $ 2000 por migrante para garantizar su salida del Ecuador a Centroamérica. El destino final de estos inmigrantes ilegales fue casi siempre EE.UU. Los investigadores de la PNE trataron de poner en conocimiento  del Comandante General,  Hurtado, pero la Embajada  les advirtió que Hurtado fue recibía regalos y pagos en efectivo de coronel Andrade, y no tomó ninguna medida.

9. (S / NF) También a finales de enero de 2009, Hurtado supo que el general Juan Francisco Sosa, director del Poder Judicial de la  Policía de Ecuador, había iniciado una investigación formal sobre las actividades de Hurtado.

A principios de febrero de 2009, Hurtado Sosa fue  retirado de su cargo como comandante de la Policía Judicial y  degradado a la posición de Jefe del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito,  con el fin de desviar la investigación. Hurtado también despidióal funcionario directamente responsable de la investigación.

10. (S / NF) A principios de marzo de 2009, el mayor Pedro Llerena, quien trabajó en la oficina de personal de la PNE, se descubrió que habían estado usando su posición para obtener sobornos a cambio de transferencias de posiciones de la PNE. Hurtado habría trabajado con Llerena y habría facilitado los trámites para las transferencias a cambio de un porcentaje del dinero de los sobornos. Durante  su paso por la oficina de personal, Llerena había recibido sobornos de más de 12.000 funcionarios de la PNE, en cantidades que oscilan entre $ 2000-4000, dependiendo de la conveniencia de la posición.

Al enterarse de estas actividades, el oficial investigador renunció a la PNE. Hurtado posteriormente ayudó a Llerena asistir a un curso de capacitación en Chile con el fin de ayudarle a evitar el escrutinio.

Actos individuales de corrupción por la Proclamación Presidencial 7750  Sección 1 (a) - solicitud o aceptación de cualquier objeto de valor pecuniario u otro beneficio, a cambio de cualquier acto u omisión en el ejercicio de funciones públicas

11. (S / NF) La Embajada tiene informes de varias fuentes según la cual en varias ocasiones Hurtado ha extorsionado sobornos por parte de colegas de la PNE, a cambio de su protección dentro de la institución o facilitar sus actividades.

De los informes de la Embajada indican que a cambio de pagos, Hurtado participó en los planes de extorsión de sobornos por parte de un sindicato de taxis, lo que facilita la re-venta de vehículos robados, el robo de la PNE fondos públicos, la asistencia a una organización de tráfico de seres humanos, y la manipulación de los procesos de la política europea de vecindad de asignación. Sección 1 (c) –

 La interferencia con el proceso Público

12. (S / NF) En sus múltiples posiciones de control dentro de la PNE, Hurtado utilizó su poder para impedir la investigación y sanción de los colegas de corruptos. En más de una ocasión esta investigadores involucrados de haber retirado de sus posiciones y degradado. Informes de la Embajada demuestran  que él también ayudó a las prácticas corruptas relacionadas con los procesos de asignación de la PEV.

 

Los efectos adversos hacia los interes nacionales de EEUU

13. (SBU) Los actos de soborno y de injerencia en los procesos públicos descritos aquí, han tenido graves efectos adversos en las siguientes categorías de intereses de EE.UU. refiere el apartado 4 de la Proclamación: la estabilidad de las instituciones democráticas y las naciones, la seguridad de los Estados Unidos contra la delincuencia transnacional y el terrorismo, los objetivos de asistencia exterior de los EE.UU., y la actividad económica internacional de empresas de EE.UU.

 La estabilidad de las instituciones democráticas.

14. estabilidad (C) El fortalecimiento y las instituciones democráticas es una de las prioridades de la Embajada. La justicia y el imperio de la ley son fundamentales para la democracia y dependen de la existencia de una fuerza policial creíble y honesta.

Cuando los funcionarios policiales violan la ley con impunidad, la fe se evapora en el gobierno y la democracia. La confianza en la democracia y las instituciones democráticas es muy baja en el Ecuador de hoy, en parte debido a actos de corrupción como los descritos en este cable.

Estos hechos refuerzan la percepción popular de que las instituciones de Ecuador cumplimiento de la ley y el gobierno son irremediablemente corruptos y que la justicia está determinada por aquellos con poder político y económico.

Seguridad de los Estados Unidos contra la delincuencia transnacional y el terrorismo

15. (C) Un policía libre de corrupción es necesario para investigar y enjuiciar a los culpables de lavado de dinero, tráfico de seres humanos y el terrorismo - todos los temas con un impacto directo en la seguridad interior de EE.UU. Varias agencias del gobierno EE.UU. cooperan con sus homólogos de Ecuador en la lucha contra la delincuencia transnacional y el terrorismo.

Los hechos descritos en este cable han disminuido la eficacia de estos esfuerzos, por lo que es más probable que los criminales y los terroristas no se detectan y exista la impunidad. Además, el tema de este cable ha prestado asistencia y protección a los traficantes de seres humanos, creando oportunidades para los delincuentes y terroristas para ingresar a los EE.UU.

EE.UU. Objetivos de Asistencia Exterior

16. (C) EE.UU. La asistencia gubernamental a Ecuador a través de la reforma judicial y programas contra la corrupción ha totalizado más de $ 14 millones en los últimos 9 años. Los actos de corrupción descritos anteriormente dañan directamente la labor de la Misión en estas áreas. Los programas económicos de la Misión de crecimiento son también subvertidos cuando la inversión extranjera de alta calidad es expulsada por el tipo de interferencia de corrupción en el Estado de Derecho que el tema de este cable promueve.

La actividad internacional de los EE.UU. Las empresas

17. (C) Los actos de corrupción descritos en este cable de obstaculizar la inversión de EE.UU. en Ecuador. EE.UU. los inversores se muestran reacios a arriesgar sus recursos en el Ecuador a sabiendas de que podrían ser objetivo de los corruptos agentes de la ley. Las actividades descritas aquí se demuestre y directamente perjudicado la credibilidad del sistema de aplicación de la ley de Ecuador, con daños operadora directa a los intereses de todos los sujetos a la ley ecuatoriana, cualquiera que sea su nacionalidad. La impunidad con que los funcionarios policiales destacados son capaces de obtener sobornos y malversar fondos públicos es una amenaza clara a cualquier empresa de EE.UU. que hacen negocios en Ecuador.

Información de la Familia y Visa

 18. (C) Hurtado cuenta con dos miembros de la familia que la Embajada considera que deben incluirse en una decisión 212F. Estos son: la esposa Gioconda Noemí MARTINEZ Duque (Fecha de nacimiento: 03/12/52) y su hija María Esther Hurtado Martínez (Fecha de nacimiento: 09/10/80). Ya que se cree que Hurtado ha participado en actos de corrupción desde principios de 1990, la Embajada considera que estas dos personas que probablemente se beneficiaron de sus ganancias ilícitas. Hurtado y los miembros de su familia tienen visas B1/B2 válida emitida en Quito el 17 de junio de 2008. Las visas expiran el 16 de junio de 2013.

Hodges

_______________________

TEXTO ORIGINAL DEL CABLE

ID: 216141
Date: 2009-07-10 16:49:00
Origin: 09QUITO572
Source: Embassy Quito
Classification: SECRET
Dunno: 09QUITO561
Destination: VZCZCXYZ0010
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHQT #0572/01 1911649
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
R 101649Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY QUITO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0613
INFO RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 8249
RUEHCV/AMEMBASSY CARACAS 3631
RUEHLP/AMEMBASSY LA PAZ JUL LIMA 3302
RUEHGL/AMCONSUL GUAYAQUIL 4467

S E C R E T QUITO 000572


SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 7/6/19
TAGS: CVIS, KCOR, KCRM, PGOV, PREL, NU, EC
SUBJECT: Visas Donkey - Corruption 212(f) Visa Revocation: Jaime
Aquilino HURTADO Vaca (S/NF)

Classified by Ambassador Heather Hodges. Reason: 1.4 b and d.

1. (U) This cable replaces Quito 561, which was cancelled. Please
disregard the earlier cable.

2. (S/NF) Embassy Quito is seeking a security advisory opinion under
Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, Presidential
Proclamation 7750, suspending the entry into the United States and
revoking the visas of the above Ecuadorian citizen for public
corruption as defined in Section 1, Paragraphs (a) and (c) of the
Proclamation (namely for misappropriation of public funds and
interference with Ecuador's public processes). This corruption had
an adverse effect on U.S. national interests mentioned in Section 4
of the Proclamation (namely the stability of democratic nations and
institutions, the security of the United States against transnational
crime and terrorism, U.S. foreign assistance goals, and the
international economic activities of U.S. businesses). Jaime
Aquilino HURTADO Vaca has used his office as Commander of the
National Police and personal influence to extort cash and property,
misappropriate public funds, facilitate human trafficking, and
obstruct the investigation and prosecution of corrupt colleagues.

Background
----------

3. (C) Corruption among Ecuadorian National Police officers is
widespread and well-known. Broad sections of the public report
paying bribes related to minor and more significant transactions.
Ecuador faces numerous challenges in combating this problem, since
many citizens prefer the practice of paying bribes to the more
daunting challenge of tackling the endless red tape and delays of
Ecuador's bureaucracy. Ecuador has very weak institutional oversight
of its law enforcement agencies, and the problem has been compounded
by the voters' approval in September 2008 of a new constitution. The
confusion stemming from implementation of the new constitution has
further complicated the already weak system of oversight. Because of
these institutional failings, National Police officers face minimal
risk of exposure or punishment when they engage in corrupt acts. As
with corrupt politicians and judges, this situation is more
pronounced at higher levels of power.

Summary of Corrupt Acts
-----------------------

4. (S/NF) Jaime Hurtado was Commanding General of the ENP from April
2008 to June 2009. In 2007 and 2008 he was Inspector General of the
ENP and prior to that served in the Transit Police. The Embassy has
multiple reports that indicate he used his positions to extort
bribes, facilitate human trafficking, misappropriate public funds,
obstruct investigations and prosecutions of corrupt colleagues, and
engage in other corrupt acts for personal enrichment. Although the
Embassy's information about his corrupt acts comes from recent years,
internal ENP investigations reportedly suggest that Hurtado has been
engaged in corrupt activities within the ENP since the early 1990s.
Until 2008, Hurtado's rank and access within the ENP shielded him
from any direct corruption investigation. However, ENP
investigations into the corrupt acts of colleagues repeatedly turned
up evidence of illegal activities by Hurtado.

Corrupt Acts, In Chronological Order
---------------- -------------------

5. (S/NF) In 2005, a taxi union in the city of Cuenca filed a formal
complaint alleging extortion by Hurtado. A close colleague of
Hurtado's, Major Bolivar VILLOTA, who was serving in Cuenca at the
same time, was later transferred to a command position in the Transit
Police in the town of Sangolqui. After numerous complaints of
corruption committed by Villota in his new position, the ENP's
Inspector General's office began an undercover investigation of
Villota in 2006 which reportedly confirmed the previous allegations
of corruption by Hurtado and Villota. Investigators also later found
that two lower-ranking accomplices of Villota were involved in a
scheme re-documenting and re-tagging stolen vehicles. Hurtado
eventually learned of the investigation, and ordered the undercover
officer conducting it removed and transferred.

6. (S/NF) In September 2007, Villota was arrested by ENP officers on
corruption charges. ENP officers seized over $20,000 in cash, and a
computer in his possession had files including a ledger that showed
he had earned $157,000 from kickback and extortion schemes. It also
showed substantial payments to Hurtado as part of these activities,
as well as $94,000 worth of kickback payments to other ENP officers.
Villota had been slated to be removed for cause from the Transit
Police earlier in 2007, but the computer files showed he had paid an
ENP officer $30,000 to remain in his position. Villota's total
salary from 2000-2007 was less than $30,000, but investigators found
that he had a net worth of over $450,000, which included luxury homes

and a brand new SUV. Some of these assets were registered in the
names of his parents. Villota and a girlfriend were also developing
a tourist property owned by Hurtado. The two lower-ranking
accomplices were found to have jointly purchased properties worth
$200,000.

7. (S/NF) Although he was charged with a variety of criminal acts
under Ecuadorian law following his arrest in 2007, Villota was not
administratively sanctioned or removed from the ENP. Hurtado was
serving as the ENP's Inspector General during this time period and
was the responsible authority to sign paperwork removing Villota from
the force. In late 2007 and early 2008, allegations of additional
corrupt activities by Hurtado surfaced in an ENP investigation of
other lower-ranking ENP officers. These officers were accused of
stealing from official ENP funds and influence-peddling, and the
investigation revealed that Hurtado had influence over them. ENP
investigators also heard allegations that Hurtado had illegally
acquired a property in Ecuador's Cotopaxi province by sending ENP
officers who threatened the legal owner into signing over the
property to Hurtado.

8. (S/NF) In April 2008, Hurtado was appointed Commanding General of
the ENP. (Note: Hurtado's corrupt activities were so widely known
within the upper ranks of the ENP that some Embassy officials believe
that President Correa must have been aware of them when he made the
appointment. These observers believe that Correa may have wanted to
have an ENP Chief whom he could easily manipulate. End Note.) In
late January 2009, the two ENP officers in charge of immigration
enforcement in Guayaquil, Col. Milton Raul ANDRADE and Maj. Manuel
Fernando BASANTES, were each receiving bribes related to alien
smuggling activities. Andrade extorted on average $2000 per week
from ENP officials at the Guayaquil airport, who in turn were
receiving bribes for the safe passage of illegal immigrants through
the airport. The other officials each received on average $1000 per
week in bribes. The group typically moved from five to eight illegal
Chinese immigrants per day through the airport, and received
$1000-$2000 per migrant to ensure their departure from Ecuador to
Central America. The final destination for these illegal immigrants
was nearly always the U.S. ENP investigators attempted to make ENP
Commanding General Hurtado aware of the situation, but Embassy
officials were told that Hurtado was receiving gifts and cash
payments from Col. Andrade, and took no action.

9. (S/NF) Also in late January 2009, Hurtado learned that General
Juan Francisco SOSA, the director of the ENP's Judicial Police, had
begun a formal investigation into Hurtado's activities. In early
February 2009, Hurtado removed Sosa from his position as Judicial
Police commander and demoted him to the Quito Metropolitan District
Chief position in order to derail the investigation. Hurtado also
fired the officer directly in charge of the investigation.

10. (S/NF) In early March 2009, ENP Major Pedro LLERENA, who worked
in the ENP's personnel office, was discovered to have been using his
position to obtain bribes in exchange for ENP position transfers.
Hurtado was reportedly working with Llerena and had facilitated the
paperwork for the transfers in return for a percentage of the bribe
money. During the course of his tenure in the personnel office,
Llerena had received bribes from over 12,000 ENP officials in amounts
ranging from $2000-4000, depending upon the desirability of the
position. Upon learning of these activities, the investigating
officer resigned from the ENP. Hurtado subsequently helped Llerena
attend a training course in Chile in order to help him avoid
scrutiny.

Individual Corrupt Acts per Presidential Proclamation 7750
--------------------------- ------------------------------

Section 1(a) - Solicitation or Acceptance of Any Article of Monetary
Value, or Other Benefit, in Exchange for Any Act or Omission in the
Performance of Public Functions

11. (S/NF) The Embassy has reports from multiple sources alleging
that Hurtado repeatedly extorted bribes from ENP colleagues in
exchange for protecting them within the institution or facilitating
their activities. Embassy reports indicate that in exchange for
payments, Hurtado participated in schemes extorting bribes from a
taxi union, facilitating the re-sale of stolen vehicles, stealing ENP
public funds, assisting a human trafficking organization, and
manipulating the ENP's assignment processes.

Section 1(c) - Interference with Public Process

12. (S/NF) In his multiple supervisory positions within the ENP,
Hurtado used his power to prevent the investigation or sanctioning of
corrupt colleagues. On more than one occasion this involved having
investigators removed from their positions and demoted. Embassy
reports show that he also assisted in corrupt practices related to

the ENP assignment processes.

Serious Adverse Effects on U.S. National Interest
----------------------- -------------------------

13. (SBU) The acts of soliciting bribes and of interference in public
processes described here have had serious adverse effects on the
following categories of U.S. interests specified in Section 4 of the
Proclamation: stability of democratic institutions and nations, the
security of the United States against transnational crime and
terrorism, U.S. foreign assistance goals, and the international
economic activity of U.S. businesses.

Stability of Democratic Institutions

14. (C) Strengthening democratic stability and institutions is one of
the Embassy's top priorities. Justice and the rule of law are
fundamental to democracy and depend upon the existence of a credible
and honest police force. Where police officials violate the law with
impunity, faith in government and democracy evaporates. Confidence
in democracy and democratic institutions is very low in Ecuador
today, in part because of corrupt acts like those described in this
cable. These acts reinforce popular perceptions that Ecuador's law
enforcement institutions and government are irredeemably corrupt and
that justice is determined by those with political and economic
power.

Security of the United States against Transnational Crime and
Terrorism

15. (C) A police force free of corruption is necessary to
investigate and prosecute those guilty of money laundering, human
trafficking, and terrorism--all issues with a direct impact on U.S.
homeland security. Several U.S. Government agencies cooperate with
their Ecuadorian counterparts in fighting transnational crime and
terrorism. The acts described in this cable have diminished the
effectiveness of these efforts, making it more likely that criminals
and terrorists will go undetected and unpunished. In addition, the
subject of this cable has provided assistance and protection to human
traffickers, creating opportunities for criminals and terrorists to
enter the U.S.

U.S. Foreign Assistance Goals

16. (C) U.S. Government assistance to Ecuador through judicial reform
and anti-corruption programs has totaled over $14 million in the past
9 years. The corrupt activities described above directly damage the
Mission's work in these areas. The Mission's economic growth
programs are also subverted when high quality foreign investment is
driven away by the type of corrupt interference in the rule of law
that the subject of this cable promotes.

International Activity of U.S. Businesses

17. (C) The corrupt activities described in this cable hamper U.S.
investment in Ecuador. U.S. investors are reluctant to risk their
resources in Ecuador knowing that they could be targeted by corrupt
law enforcement officials. The activities described here have
demonstrably and directly harmed the credibility of Ecuador's law
enforcement system, with attendant direct damage to the interests of
all those subject to Ecuadorian law, whatever their nationality. The
impunity with which prominent police officials are able to extort
bribes and misappropriate public funds is a clear menace to any U.S.
company doing business in Ecuador.

Family and Visa Information
---------------------------

18. (C) Hurtado has two family members who the Embassy believes
should be included in a 212f decision. These are: wife Gioconda
Moemi MARTINEZ Duque (DOB: 03/12/52) and daughter Maria Esther
HURTADO Martinez (DOB: 09/10/80). Since it is believed that Hurtado
has been engaged in corrupt acts since the early 1990s, the Embassy
feels that both of these individuals likely benefited from his
illicit earnings. Hurtado and his family members all have valid
B1/B2 visas issued in Quito on June 17, 2008. The visas will expire
on June 16, 2013.

Hodges
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TEXTO DE REFERENCIA: EL ECUADOR DE CORREA

Cable sobre la corrupción

   04/04/2011

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ID: 216141
Date: 2009-07-10 16:49:00
Origin: 09QUITO572
Source: Embassy Quito
Classification: SECRET
Dunno: 09QUITO561
Destination: VZCZCXYZ0010
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHQT #0572/01 1911649
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
R 101649Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY QUITO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0613
INFO RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 8249
RUEHCV/AMEMBASSY CARACAS 3631
RUEHLP/AMEMBASSY LA PAZ JUL LIMA 3302
RUEHGL/AMCONSUL GUAYAQUIL 4467

S E C R E T QUITO 000572


SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 7/6/19
TAGS: CVIS, KCOR, KCRM, PGOV, PREL, NU, EC
SUBJECT: Visas Donkey - Corruption 212(f) Visa Revocation: Jaime
Aquilino HURTADO Vaca (S/NF)

Classified by Ambassador Heather Hodges. Reason: 1.4 b and d.

1. (U) This cable replaces Quito 561, which was cancelled. Please
disregard the earlier cable.

2. (S/NF) Embassy Quito is seeking a security advisory opinion under
Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, Presidential
Proclamation 7750, suspending the entry into the United States and
revoking the visas of the above Ecuadorian citizen for public
corruption as defined in Section 1, Paragraphs (a) and (c) of the
Proclamation (namely for misappropriation of public funds and
interference with Ecuador's public processes). This corruption had
an adverse effect on U.S. national interests mentioned in Section 4
of the Proclamation (namely the stability of democratic nations and
institutions, the security of the United States against transnational
crime and terrorism, U.S. foreign assistance goals, and the
international economic activities of U.S. businesses). Jaime
Aquilino HURTADO Vaca has used his office as Commander of the
National Police and personal influence to extort cash and property,
misappropriate public funds, facilitate human trafficking, and
obstruct the investigation and prosecution of corrupt colleagues.

Background
----------

3. (C) Corruption among Ecuadorian National Police officers is
widespread and well-known. Broad sections of the public report
paying bribes related to minor and more significant transactions.
Ecuador faces numerous challenges in combating this problem, since
many citizens prefer the practice of paying bribes to the more
daunting challenge of tackling the endless red tape and delays of
Ecuador's bureaucracy. Ecuador has very weak institutional oversight
of its law enforcement agencies, and the problem has been compounded
by the voters' approval in September 2008 of a new constitution. The
confusion stemming from implementation of the new constitution has
further complicated the already weak system of oversight. Because of
these institutional failings, National Police officers face minimal
risk of exposure or punishment when they engage in corrupt acts. As
with corrupt politicians and judges, this situation is more
pronounced at higher levels of power.

Summary of Corrupt Acts
-----------------------

4. (S/NF) Jaime Hurtado was Commanding General of the ENP from April
2008 to June 2009. In 2007 and 2008 he was Inspector General of the
ENP and prior to that served in the Transit Police. The Embassy has
multiple reports that indicate he used his positions to extort
bribes, facilitate human trafficking, misappropriate public funds,
obstruct investigations and prosecutions of corrupt colleagues, and
engage in other corrupt acts for personal enrichment. Although the
Embassy's information about his corrupt acts comes from recent years,
internal ENP investigations reportedly suggest that Hurtado has been
engaged in corrupt activities within the ENP since the early 1990s.
Until 2008, Hurtado's rank and access within the ENP shielded him
from any direct corruption investigation. However, ENP
investigations into the corrupt acts of colleagues repeatedly turned
up evidence of illegal activities by Hurtado.

Corrupt Acts, In Chronological Order
---------------- -------------------

5. (S/NF) In 2005, a taxi union in the city of Cuenca filed a formal
complaint alleging extortion by Hurtado. A close colleague of
Hurtado's, Major Bolivar VILLOTA, who was serving in Cuenca at the
same time, was later transferred to a command position in the Transit
Police in the town of Sangolqui. After numerous complaints of
corruption committed by Villota in his new position, the ENP's
Inspector General's office began an undercover investigation of
Villota in 2006 which reportedly confirmed the previous allegations
of corruption by Hurtado and Villota. Investigators also later found
that two lower-ranking accomplices of Villota were involved in a
scheme re-documenting and re-tagging stolen vehicles. Hurtado
eventually learned of the investigation, and ordered the undercover
officer conducting it removed and transferred.

6. (S/NF) In September 2007, Villota was arrested by ENP officers on
corruption charges. ENP officers seized over $20,000 in cash, and a
computer in his possession had files including a ledger that showed
he had earned $157,000 from kickback and extortion schemes. It also
showed substantial payments to Hurtado as part of these activities,
as well as $94,000 worth of kickback payments to other ENP officers.
Villota had been slated to be removed for cause from the Transit
Police earlier in 2007, but the computer files showed he had paid an
ENP officer $30,000 to remain in his position. Villota's total
salary from 2000-2007 was less than $30,000, but investigators found
that he had a net worth of over $450,000, which included luxury homes

and a brand new SUV. Some of these assets were registered in the
names of his parents. Villota and a girlfriend were also developing
a tourist property owned by Hurtado. The two lower-ranking
accomplices were found to have jointly purchased properties worth
$200,000.

7. (S/NF) Although he was charged with a variety of criminal acts
under Ecuadorian law following his arrest in 2007, Villota was not
administratively sanctioned or removed from the ENP. Hurtado was
serving as the ENP's Inspector General during this time period and
was the responsible authority to sign paperwork removing Villota from
the force. In late 2007 and early 2008, allegations of additional
corrupt activities by Hurtado surfaced in an ENP investigation of
other lower-ranking ENP officers. These officers were accused of
stealing from official ENP funds and influence-peddling, and the
investigation revealed that Hurtado had influence over them. ENP
investigators also heard allegations that Hurtado had illegally
acquired a property in Ecuador's Cotopaxi province by sending ENP
officers who threatened the legal owner into signing over the
property to Hurtado.

8. (S/NF) In April 2008, Hurtado was appointed Commanding General of
the ENP. (Note: Hurtado's corrupt activities were so widely known
within the upper ranks of the ENP that some Embassy officials believe
that President Correa must have been aware of them when he made the
appointment. These observers believe that Correa may have wanted to
have an ENP Chief whom he could easily manipulate. End Note.) In
late January 2009, the two ENP officers in charge of immigration
enforcement in Guayaquil, Col. Milton Raul ANDRADE and Maj. Manuel
Fernando BASANTES, were each receiving bribes related to alien
smuggling activities. Andrade extorted on average $2000 per week
from ENP officials at the Guayaquil airport, who in turn were
receiving bribes for the safe passage of illegal immigrants through
the airport. The other officials each received on average $1000 per
week in bribes. The group typically moved from five to eight illegal
Chinese immigrants per day through the airport, and received
$1000-$2000 per migrant to ensure their departure from Ecuador to
Central America. The final destination for these illegal immigrants
was nearly always the U.S. ENP investigators attempted to make ENP
Commanding General Hurtado aware of the situation, but Embassy
officials were told that Hurtado was receiving gifts and cash
payments from Col. Andrade, and took no action.

9. (S/NF) Also in late January 2009, Hurtado learned that General
Juan Francisco SOSA, the director of the ENP's Judicial Police, had
begun a formal investigation into Hurtado's activities. In early
February 2009, Hurtado removed Sosa from his position as Judicial
Police commander and demoted him to the Quito Metropolitan District
Chief position in order to derail the investigation. Hurtado also
fired the officer directly in charge of the investigation.

10. (S/NF) In early March 2009, ENP Major Pedro LLERENA, who worked
in the ENP's personnel office, was discovered to have been using his
position to obtain bribes in exchange for ENP position transfers.
Hurtado was reportedly working with Llerena and had facilitated the
paperwork for the transfers in return for a percentage of the bribe
money. During the course of his tenure in the personnel office,
Llerena had received bribes from over 12,000 ENP officials in amounts
ranging from $2000-4000, depending upon the desirability of the
position. Upon learning of these activities, the investigating
officer resigned from the ENP. Hurtado subsequently helped Llerena
attend a training course in Chile in order to help him avoid
scrutiny.

Individual Corrupt Acts per Presidential Proclamation 7750
--------------------------- ------------------------------

Section 1(a) - Solicitation or Acceptance of Any Article of Monetary
Value, or Other Benefit, in Exchange for Any Act or Omission in the
Performance of Public Functions

11. (S/NF) The Embassy has reports from multiple sources alleging
that Hurtado repeatedly extorted bribes from ENP colleagues in
exchange for protecting them within the institution or facilitating
their activities. Embassy reports indicate that in exchange for
payments, Hurtado participated in schemes extorting bribes from a
taxi union, facilitating the re-sale of stolen vehicles, stealing ENP
public funds, assisting a human trafficking organization, and
manipulating the ENP's assignment processes.

Section 1(c) - Interference with Public Process

12. (S/NF) In his multiple supervisory positions within the ENP,
Hurtado used his power to prevent the investigation or sanctioning of
corrupt colleagues. On more than one occasion this involved having
investigators removed from their positions and demoted. Embassy
reports show that he also assisted in corrupt practices related to

the ENP assignment processes.

Serious Adverse Effects on U.S. National Interest
----------------------- -------------------------

13. (SBU) The acts of soliciting bribes and of interference in public
processes described here have had serious adverse effects on the
following categories of U.S. interests specified in Section 4 of the
Proclamation: stability of democratic institutions and nations, the
security of the United States against transnational crime and
terrorism, U.S. foreign assistance goals, and the international
economic activity of U.S. businesses.

Stability of Democratic Institutions

14. (C) Strengthening democratic stability and institutions is one of
the Embassy's top priorities. Justice and the rule of law are
fundamental to democracy and depend upon the existence of a credible
and honest police force. Where police officials violate the law with
impunity, faith in government and democracy evaporates. Confidence
in democracy and democratic institutions is very low in Ecuador
today, in part because of corrupt acts like those described in this
cable. These acts reinforce popular perceptions that Ecuador's law
enforcement institutions and government are irredeemably corrupt and
that justice is determined by those with political and economic
power.

Security of the United States against Transnational Crime and
Terrorism

15. (C) A police force free of corruption is necessary to
investigate and prosecute those guilty of money laundering, human
trafficking, and terrorism--all issues with a direct impact on U.S.
homeland security. Several U.S. Government agencies cooperate with
their Ecuadorian counterparts in fighting transnational crime and
terrorism. The acts described in this cable have diminished the
effectiveness of these efforts, making it more likely that criminals
and terrorists will go undetected and unpunished. In addition, the
subject of this cable has provided assistance and protection to human
traffickers, creating opportunities for criminals and terrorists to
enter the U.S.

U.S. Foreign Assistance Goals

16. (C) U.S. Government assistance to Ecuador through judicial reform
and anti-corruption programs has totaled over $14 million in the past
9 years. The corrupt activities described above directly damage the
Mission's work in these areas. The Mission's economic growth
programs are also subverted when high quality foreign investment is
driven away by the type of corrupt interference in the rule of law
that the subject of this cable promotes.

International Activity of U.S. Businesses

17. (C) The corrupt activities described in this cable hamper U.S.
investment in Ecuador. U.S. investors are reluctant to risk their
resources in Ecuador knowing that they could be targeted by corrupt
law enforcement officials. The activities described here have
demonstrably and directly harmed the credibility of Ecuador's law
enforcement system, with attendant direct damage to the interests of
all those subject to Ecuadorian law, whatever their nationality. The
impunity with which prominent police officials are able to extort
bribes and misappropriate public funds is a clear menace to any U.S.
company doing business in Ecuador.

Family and Visa Information
---------------------------

18. (C) Hurtado has two family members who the Embassy believes
should be included in a 212f decision. These are: wife Gioconda
Moemi MARTINEZ Duque (DOB: 03/12/52) and daughter Maria Esther
HURTADO Martinez (DOB: 09/10/80). Since it is believed that Hurtado
has been engaged in corrupt acts since the early 1990s, the Embassy
feels that both of these individuals likely benefited from his
illicit earnings. Hurtado and his family members all have valid
B1/B2 visas issued in Quito on June 17, 2008. The visas will expire
on June 16, 2013.

Hodges

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